�7^Ʊ��9úw���:���]:�޹�6�7+�З��Y�;::X@d2��^��р0�����4�Fa`4bf8�]$(#��ː�����A�A�,�9�P&��:Q��o@(���BL��@���A�>X����``�q�(c�` �C3y Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . Benzene dissolves only slightly in water and will float on top of water. Other products with benzene. Health Details: Those working with Benzene products are classed as a high risk group, and this is because these people are at increased risk of dangerous exposure levels of Benzene, which can result in …Aplastic Anemia. Short-term exposure to highly concentrated benzene vapors may cause decreased consciousness, stupor, … High levels of exposure can cause both short-term and long-term health effects. Benzene is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor. Benzene (C6H6) is a highly flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly into the air. Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. (Long-term exposure means exposure of a year or more.) What are the Potential Health Effects of Benzene? Objective: To assess health risks associated with inhalation exposure to formaldehyde and benzene mainly emitted from building and decoration materials in newly remodeled indoor spaces in Beijing. Benzene Health Effects and Susceptibility Martyn T. Smith Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356; Annu. People who inhale benzene for long periods of time (months or years) at high enough levels may experience harmful effects in the tissues that form blood cells, especially the bone marrow. Human exposure to benzene is associated with multiple adverse health effects leading to hematological malignancies. By WhatGo - 6:21 AM. Benzene is known to be responsible for a number of health disorders, and is linked with various types of leukemia amongst other illnesses. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. Dermal exposure to this chemical can result in reddening and blistering of the skin, and exposure to vapor and liquid form can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and can als… Benzene is a ubiquitous chemical in our environment that causes acute leukemia and probably other hematological cancers. People working in industries that make or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of it. endstream endobj 340 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[354 0 R]>>/PageLabels 335 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 337 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 59 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 341 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 342 0 obj <>stream Benzene causes cancer in animals including humans. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke. The benzene in indoor air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and detergents. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Special emphasis in this report is given to the health effects reported in … If you wear eyeglasses, wash them with soap and water. Evidence for an association with childhood leukemia is growing. If you wear contacts, remove them after washing your hands and put them with the contaminated clothing. It ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible. Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. Benzene and leukemia focuses on the carcinogenic effects of benzene, detailing the different types of leukemia that can result from exposure to this chemical, as well as discussing past studies that illustrated a link between benzene exposure and leukemia. (1) Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and unconsciousness in humans. Natural sources of benzene include volcanoes and forest fires. ----- HEALTH EFFECTS OF BENZENE: A REVIEW SUMMARY Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, con The time required for expression of chronic benzene toxicity indicates a vast difference in individual sensitivity. Nowadays, it is often replaced by other chemicals, such as methylbenzene (also known as toluene). However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent as it was before. For more information on evacuation during a chemical emergency, see “. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the preventative Benzene is considered a toxic and carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemical that causes both acute and chronic health effects. Eye contact. Direct exposure of the eyes, skin, or lungs to benzene can cause tissue injury and irritation. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. It has again been the subject of much criticism by industry consultants to which the NCI-CAPM investigators have responded . Working with benzene may affect your health. You can put your eyeglasses back on after you wash them. Other health concerns include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and loss of consciousness. If you think you may have been exposed to benzene, you should remove your clothing, rapidly wash your entire body with soap and water, and get medical care as quickly as possible. What are the potential health effects of benzene? Benzene leaks from underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites containing benzene can contaminate well water. Its vapor is heavier than air and may sink into low-lying areas. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. If you are near a release of benzene, emergency coordinators may tell you to either evacuate the area or to “shelter in place” inside a building to avoid being exposed to the chemical. Effects on Human Health . A major source of benzene exposure is tobacco smoke. But they can only detect a recent exposure and cannot predict future health effects. Chemicals Listed Effective December 26, 1997 as Known to the State to Cause Reproductive Toxicity: Benzene; December 9, 1997 Meeting of the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Amendments to Sections 12705 (10 chemicals) and 12805 (arsenic) The Harmful Effects of Benzene The general levels of benzene, brought about car exhausts, paints, dyes and the suchlike, pose negligible risks to the environment. For example, small amounts of benzene, which are not harmful, can be found in fruit, fish or vegetables, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Detrimental Health Effects of Benzene Exposure in Adults Exposure to benzene is associated with serious adverse health effects resulting in chronic organ toxicity.. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the . martynts@berkeley.edu Ingestion of benzene can cause vomiting, tachycardia, ataxia, somnolence, loss of consciousness, delirium, chemical pneumonitis with initial excitatory symptoms followed … Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? Shanghai Health Study (2001-2009): What was learned about benzene health effects? The most important thing is for victims to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. Outdoor air contains low levels of benzene from tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, and industrial emissions. CDC twenty four seven. As quickly as possible, wash any benzene from your skin with large amounts of soap and water. The short term exposure limit is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets airborne benzene exposure limits for workplaces. However breathing very high levels of benzene, or eating or drinking foods contaminated with high levels of benzene, can cause serious health effects or … People who breathe in high levels of benzene may develop the following signs and symptoms within minutes to several hours: Eating foods or drinking beverages containing high levels of benzene can cause the following symptoms within minutes to several hours: If a person vomits because of swallowing foods or beverages containing benzene, the vomit could be sucked into the lungs and cause breathing problems and coughing. �5���A��0��0:���B����0. %PDF-1.5 %���� Health Effects of the Chemicals Find commonly asked questions and answers about chemicals found at Camp Lejeune and their human health effects. Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health Effects of Benzene Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, consideration must be given to the myelotoxic and possible chromosome damaging and leukemogenic effects of benzene. Benzene evaporates into the air very quickly. Epub 2017 Dec 15. Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. Benzene is a type of chemical called a hydrocarbon. Benzene Exposure Lawsuit Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. This public health statement tells you about benzene and the effects of exposure to it. OSHA set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm. Because of its propensity to react with other elements in the air, it is most often quickly diffused within a few days of exposure and therefore it is virtually harmless. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. Consuming foods or fluids contaminated with high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and rapid heart rate. 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benzene health effects

The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has determined that benzene causes cancer in humans. Short-term effects Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Indoor air generally contains levels of benzene higher than those in outdoor air. 369 0 obj <>stream Also, it can damage the immune system by changing blood levels of antibodies and causing the loss of white blood cells. Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. What is benzene? This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. Sudden exposure to high levels of benzene requires a hospital treatment. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Benzene is a chemical that is a colorless or light yellow liquid at room temperature. Disaster Medicine & Public Health Prep. Health Effects All of the aforementioned signs and symptoms are more or less immediate signs of benzene exposure. Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene in the air can cause leukemia, cancer of the blood-forming organs. Human exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including cancer and haematological effects. A disruption of normal blood production can result in conditions such as anaemia or excessive bleeding. Disposing of your clothing in this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals that might be on your clothes. For example, it can cause bone marrow not to produce enough red blood cells, which can lead to anemia. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. Benzene is formed from both natural processes and human activities. It is harmful to the eyes, skin, airway, nervous system, and lungs. Short-term After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent It has a sweet odor and is highly flammable. The seriousness of poisoning caused by benzene depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the exposed person. Public Health Fact Sheet page 1 Benzene: Health effects Benzene is released into the air from many sources including car exhaust, petrol, smoke from tobacco and bushfires and from industry. It is described as an ‘aromatic’ hydrocarbon; each molecule of benzene is composed of a ring of 6 carbon atoms (each connected to a hydrogen atom). Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? Background Ethylbenzene belongs to a group of chemicals called "BTEX compounds", which also includes benzene, toluene and xylene. Benzene causes acute myeloid leukaemia (acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia), and there is limited evidence that benzene may also cause acute and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma. For more information about cleaning your body and disposing of your clothes after a chemical release, see “. Dial 911 and explain what has happened. Regional poison control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What are the potential health effects of benzene? ATSDR’s Camp Lejeune studies of people exposed occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene. MI., have much in common. Doherty BT, Kwok RK, Curry Article CAS 24. Smith MT(1). Repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid Inhaled benzene attacks the central nervous system, causing headache, dizziness and nausea. Repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid benzene can remove the natural oils from the … The air around hazardous waste sites or gas stations can contain higher levels of benzene than in other areas. Annu Rev Public Health. Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. photo src: www.federalregister.gov. Individuals who have experienced benzene poisoning requiring treatment show a substantially Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. Bird MG(1), Greim H, Kaden DA, Rice JM, Snyder R. Author information: (1)ExxonMobil Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow. It evaporates into the air very quickly and dissolves slightly in water. Author information: (1)Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356, USA. endstream endobj startxref Benzene is an excellent ligand in the organometallic chemistry of low-valent metals. 2016 Read More These sites are then placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) and are targeted for long-term federal clean-up activities. h޴V[o�8�O�#hDm�i�D�\VC� 0 preventative measures your employer needs to apply and the precautions you should take. When the local or state health department or emergency personnel arrive, tell them what you did with your clothes. Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. Exposure to benzene can lead to multiple alterations that contribute to the leukemogenic process, indicating a multimodal mechanism of action. If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. Seal the bag, and then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. Ingestion of large amounts of benzene may result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions in humans. A severe exposure can cause unconsciousness. If you think your water supply may have benzene in it, drink bottled water until you are sure your water supply is safe. Can harm the nervous system. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and can cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal damage, etc. Crit Rev Toxicol. In the short term, benzene can irritate the respiratory tract as well as the eyes, skin, and mucus membranes. Benzene: health effects, incident management, and toxicology Information on benzene, for use in responding to chemical incidents. Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Benzene is widely used in the United States. Authors Sherilyn A , … Animal studies have shown low birth weights, delayed bone formation, and bone marrow damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene. Headaches, sleep disturbances, irritability, confusion, memory loss and nerve damage in the extremities (arms and legs) may occur with persistent exposure to benzene vapors. The vomit could be sucked into their lungs and damage their lungs. Benzene health effects killing your immune system? Washing with soap and water will help protect people from any chemicals on their bodies. Benzene is a colourless, volatile liquid with a characteristic sweet odour. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the health consequences of benzene exposure in children following a flaring incident at … Smith MT. Some women who breathed high levels of benzene for many months had irregular menstrual periods and a decrease in the size of their ovaries. Benzene is widely used in the United States; it ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. That means 1 part benzene for every 1 million parts of air over the course of an 8-hour day. @B�HL�������b``������ � �C% Effects on Human Health Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. Showing these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to benzene. Benzene poisoning is treated with supportive medical care in a hospital setting. Benzene has been shown to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple species of laboratory animals exposed via various routes. Any clothing that has to be pulled over the head should be cut off the body instead of pulled over the head. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Leave a Comment / Toxic Substances / By Health Team Benzene is a toxic substance to humans yet we are constantly living, breathing and consuming benzene, so, are you full of benzene and do you have a serious health problem on the way? Avoid touching contaminated areas of the clothing. Benzene exposure can result in a number of neurological symptoms, and these include dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, and loss of consciousness. Long-term exposure can cause problems in blood production and affect the bone marrow. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Eye contact. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction. Other products with benzene Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. Published 1 July 2014 It is highly mobile in soils and This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. Performing CPR on someone who has swallowed benzene may cause them to vomit. Quickly take off clothing that may have benzene on it. If the benzene release was indoors, get out of the building. The vast proportion of benzene is currently obtained from crude oil by processes known as ‘cracking’, ‘reforming’ or ‘disproportionation’. The major effect of benzene from long-term exposure is on the blood. This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Working with benzene may affect your health. h�b```b``Vd`�'@ (�K>�7^Ʊ��9úw���:���]:�޹�6�7+�З��Y�;::X@d2��^��р0�����4�Fa`4bf8�]$(#��ː�����A�A�,�9�P&��:Q��o@(���BL��@���A�>X����``�q�(c�` �C3y Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . Benzene dissolves only slightly in water and will float on top of water. Other products with benzene. Health Details: Those working with Benzene products are classed as a high risk group, and this is because these people are at increased risk of dangerous exposure levels of Benzene, which can result in …Aplastic Anemia. Short-term exposure to highly concentrated benzene vapors may cause decreased consciousness, stupor, … High levels of exposure can cause both short-term and long-term health effects. Benzene is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor. Benzene (C6H6) is a highly flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly into the air. Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. (Long-term exposure means exposure of a year or more.) What are the Potential Health Effects of Benzene? Objective: To assess health risks associated with inhalation exposure to formaldehyde and benzene mainly emitted from building and decoration materials in newly remodeled indoor spaces in Beijing. Benzene Health Effects and Susceptibility Martyn T. Smith Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356; Annu. People who inhale benzene for long periods of time (months or years) at high enough levels may experience harmful effects in the tissues that form blood cells, especially the bone marrow. Human exposure to benzene is associated with multiple adverse health effects leading to hematological malignancies. By WhatGo - 6:21 AM. Benzene is known to be responsible for a number of health disorders, and is linked with various types of leukemia amongst other illnesses. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. Dermal exposure to this chemical can result in reddening and blistering of the skin, and exposure to vapor and liquid form can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and can als… Benzene is a ubiquitous chemical in our environment that causes acute leukemia and probably other hematological cancers. People working in industries that make or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of it. endstream endobj 340 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[354 0 R]>>/PageLabels 335 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 337 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 59 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 341 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 342 0 obj <>stream Benzene causes cancer in animals including humans. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke. The benzene in indoor air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and detergents. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Special emphasis in this report is given to the health effects reported in … If you wear eyeglasses, wash them with soap and water. Evidence for an association with childhood leukemia is growing. If you wear contacts, remove them after washing your hands and put them with the contaminated clothing. It ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible. Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. Benzene and leukemia focuses on the carcinogenic effects of benzene, detailing the different types of leukemia that can result from exposure to this chemical, as well as discussing past studies that illustrated a link between benzene exposure and leukemia. (1) Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and unconsciousness in humans. Natural sources of benzene include volcanoes and forest fires. ----- HEALTH EFFECTS OF BENZENE: A REVIEW SUMMARY Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, con The time required for expression of chronic benzene toxicity indicates a vast difference in individual sensitivity. Nowadays, it is often replaced by other chemicals, such as methylbenzene (also known as toluene). However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent as it was before. For more information on evacuation during a chemical emergency, see “. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the preventative Benzene is considered a toxic and carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemical that causes both acute and chronic health effects. Eye contact. Direct exposure of the eyes, skin, or lungs to benzene can cause tissue injury and irritation. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. It has again been the subject of much criticism by industry consultants to which the NCI-CAPM investigators have responded . Working with benzene may affect your health. You can put your eyeglasses back on after you wash them. Other health concerns include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and loss of consciousness. If you think you may have been exposed to benzene, you should remove your clothing, rapidly wash your entire body with soap and water, and get medical care as quickly as possible. What are the potential health effects of benzene? Benzene leaks from underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites containing benzene can contaminate well water. Its vapor is heavier than air and may sink into low-lying areas. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. If you are near a release of benzene, emergency coordinators may tell you to either evacuate the area or to “shelter in place” inside a building to avoid being exposed to the chemical. Effects on Human Health . A major source of benzene exposure is tobacco smoke. But they can only detect a recent exposure and cannot predict future health effects. Chemicals Listed Effective December 26, 1997 as Known to the State to Cause Reproductive Toxicity: Benzene; December 9, 1997 Meeting of the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Amendments to Sections 12705 (10 chemicals) and 12805 (arsenic) The Harmful Effects of Benzene The general levels of benzene, brought about car exhausts, paints, dyes and the suchlike, pose negligible risks to the environment. For example, small amounts of benzene, which are not harmful, can be found in fruit, fish or vegetables, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Detrimental Health Effects of Benzene Exposure in Adults Exposure to benzene is associated with serious adverse health effects resulting in chronic organ toxicity.. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the . martynts@berkeley.edu Ingestion of benzene can cause vomiting, tachycardia, ataxia, somnolence, loss of consciousness, delirium, chemical pneumonitis with initial excitatory symptoms followed … Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? Shanghai Health Study (2001-2009): What was learned about benzene health effects? The most important thing is for victims to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. Outdoor air contains low levels of benzene from tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, and industrial emissions. CDC twenty four seven. As quickly as possible, wash any benzene from your skin with large amounts of soap and water. The short term exposure limit is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets airborne benzene exposure limits for workplaces. However breathing very high levels of benzene, or eating or drinking foods contaminated with high levels of benzene, can cause serious health effects or … People who breathe in high levels of benzene may develop the following signs and symptoms within minutes to several hours: Eating foods or drinking beverages containing high levels of benzene can cause the following symptoms within minutes to several hours: If a person vomits because of swallowing foods or beverages containing benzene, the vomit could be sucked into the lungs and cause breathing problems and coughing. �5���A��0��0:���B����0. %PDF-1.5 %���� Health Effects of the Chemicals Find commonly asked questions and answers about chemicals found at Camp Lejeune and their human health effects. Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health Effects of Benzene Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, consideration must be given to the myelotoxic and possible chromosome damaging and leukemogenic effects of benzene. Benzene evaporates into the air very quickly. Epub 2017 Dec 15. Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. Benzene is a type of chemical called a hydrocarbon. Benzene Exposure Lawsuit Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. This public health statement tells you about benzene and the effects of exposure to it. OSHA set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm. Because of its propensity to react with other elements in the air, it is most often quickly diffused within a few days of exposure and therefore it is virtually harmless. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. Consuming foods or fluids contaminated with high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and rapid heart rate. 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