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guru meaning in sanskrit

R    ਜਵਨ ਕਾਲ ਸਭ ਲੋਕ ਸਵਾਰਾ ॥ ਨਮਸ਼ਕਾਰ ਹੈ ਤਾਹਿ ਹਮਾਰਾ ॥੩੮੪॥ Krishnamurti, Exposing Cults: When the Skeptical Mind Confronts the Mystical, https://www.kakabhajans.org/Bhajan/Category/BhajanList.aspx, Guru choice and spiritual seeking in contemporary India, Guru-shishya relationship in Indian culture: The possibility of a creative resilient framework, Mentors in Indian mythology - Guru and Gurukul system, Scandals in emerging Western Buddhism - Gurus, Hindu Concepts of Teacher, Sanskrit Guru and Ācārya, The Guru and the Conjurer: Transactions in Knowledge and the Shaping of Culture in Southeast Asia and Melanesia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru&oldid=996394008, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from August 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, gangzak gyüpé lama — the individual teacher who is the holder of the, gyalwa ka yi lama — the teacher which is the word of the buddhas, nangwa da yi lama — the symbolic teacher of all appearances, rigpa dön gyi lama — the absolute teacher, which is, Highlighting what he sees as the difficulty in understanding the guru from, According to the journalist Sacha Kester, in a 2003 article in the Dutch newspaper, Teachings of Shri Satguru Devendra Ghia (Kaka) are in his hymns and the broadness of his thoughts is in the variety. I    [13][14], In the Western world, the term is sometimes used in a derogatory way to refer to individuals who have allegedly exploited their followers' naiveté, particularly in certain cults or groups in the fields of hippie, new religious movements, self-help and tantra.[15]. [8][59][60] These had a lineage of gurus, who would study and focus on certain schools of Hindu philosophy or trade,[53][54] and these were known as guru-shishya parampara (teacher-student tradition). Gurus have shared the essence of the Absolute and experienced the oneness of being, which endows them with divine powers and the ability to master people and things in this world.". J    Discerning – They do not use spiritual powers (. When the teacher finds from signs that knowledge has not been grasped or has been wrongly grasped by the student, he should remove the causes of non-comprehension in the student. [13] The guru is considered essential and to the Buddhist devotee, the guru is the "enlightened teacher and ritual master", states Stephen Berkwitz. Jennie Lee is an author and Certified Yoga Therapist with 20 years experience teaching Classical Yoga & Meditation. Peter Fl Gel and Peter Flügel (2006), Studies in Jaina History and Culture, Routledge. Guru is a Sanskrit word that means “dispeller of darkness,” from gu, meaning "darkness," and ru, meaning "that which dispels." [79] Some scriptures and gurus have warned against false teachers, and have recommended that the spiritual seeker test the guru before accepting him. Sunil Kothari and Avinash Pasricha (2001), Kuchipudi, Abhinav Publications. But, O Goddess, difficult to find is a guru who removes the disciples' suffering. Misschien doe een goeroe dat ook inderdaad, maar het heeft niets met de betekenis van het woord te maken, het is volksetymologie. Jeffery D Long (2009), Jainism: An Introduction, IB Tauris. [31], In Western Esotericism and the Science of Religion, Pierre Riffard makes a distinction between "occult" and "scientific" etymologies, citing as an example of the former the etymology of 'guru' in which the derivation is presented as gu ("darkness") and ru ('to push away'); the latter he exemplifies by "guru" with the meaning of 'heavy'. Karl Potter (2008), Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies Vol. Because of this state of realization (enlightenment), a guru is uniquely qualified to lead other spiritual seekers on their inward journey toward divine Self-realization. De goeroe als geestelijk raadsman Als we naar het verschijnsel goeroe in India kijken, kunnen we constateren dat er op zijn minst vier vormen van goeroeschap te onderscheiden zijn. Swami Vivekananda said that there are many incompetent gurus, and that a true guru should understand the spirit of the scriptures, have a pure character and be free from sin, and should be selfless, without desire for money and fame. [83] The attribute of the successful guru is to help make the disciple into another guru, one who transcends him, and becomes a guru unto himself, driven by inner spirituality and principles. Monkfish Book Publishing. X    [30] At an individual level in Hinduism, the Guru is many things, including being a teacher of skills, a counselor, one who helps in the birth of mind and realization of one's soul, who instils values and experiential knowledge, an exemplar, an inspiration and who helps guide a student's (śiṣya) spiritual development. [68] The Yajurveda and Atharvaveda texts state that knowledge is for everyone, and offer examples of women and people from all segments of society who are guru and participated in vedic studies. The fields of study in traditional guru-sisya parampara were diverse, ranging from Hindu philosophy, martial arts, music, dance to various Vedangas. Support and Sponsor The Sanskrit Channel, on Patreon: Here is collection of Some popular Guru Slokas : Terms of Use - [83], In modern neo-Hinduism, Kranenborg states guru may refer to entirely different concepts, such as a spiritual advisor, or someone who performs traditional rituals outside a temple, or an enlightened master in the field of tantra or yoga or eastern arts who derives his authority from his experience, or a reference by a group of devotees of a sect to someone considered a god-like Avatar by the sect. Voordat we dit verder uitwerken eerst iets over de etymologie. Jeaneane D. Fowler (2012), The Bhagavad Gita, Sussex Academic Press, शिष्यस्य ज्ञानग्रहणं च लिन्गैर्बुद्ध्वा तदग्रहणहेतूनधर्म लौकिकप्रमादनित्यानित्य(वस्तु) विवेकविषयासञ्जातदृढपूर्वश्रुतत्व-लोक-चिन्तावेक्षण-जात्याद्यभिमानादींस्तत्प्रतिपक्षैः श्रुतिस्मृतिविहितैरपनयेदक्रोधादिभिरहिंसादिभिश्च यमैर्ज्ञानाविरुद्धैश्च नियमैः ॥ ४॥ अमानित्वादिगुणं च ज्ञानोपायं सम्यग् ग्राहयेत् ॥ ५॥. Bijdragen van nieuwe religieuze bewegingen voor de kerk van vandaag (En: A new perspective on the church? [81] However, various Hindu texts caution prudence and diligence in finding the right guru, and avoiding the wrong ones. guru translation in English-Sanskrit dictionary. The teacher is one who is endowed with the power of furnishing arguments pro and con, of understanding questions [of the student], and remembers them. [106], According to Kranenborg (1984), Jesus Christ fits the Hindu definition and characteristics of a guru.[107]. [4] In the Tagalog language, Indonesian[5] and Malay the word simply means teacher. 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These shlokas praise the guru for his God like qualities. S    Christopher Partridge (2013), Introduction to World Religions, Augsburg Fortress. Therefore, teachers and mentors hold a special place in a person's life. Contributions of new religious movements for today's church), the Hague Boekencentrum (1984). A true guru is, asserts Kula-Arnava, one who lives the simple virtuous life he preaches, is stable and firm in his knowledge, master yogi with the knowledge of Self (soul) and Brahman (ultimate reality). In Sanskrit, guru means literally dispeller of darkness. The teacher must enjoin means in the student that are enjoined by the Śruti and Smrti, such as avoidance of anger, Yamas consisting of Ahimsa and others, also the rules of conduct that are not inconsistent with knowledge. But, O Goddess, difficult to find is a guru who is proficient in the supreme Truth. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. [6][54][55] The education stage of a youth with a guru was referred to as Brahmacharya, and in some parts of India this followed the Upanayana or Vidyarambha rites of passage. C    Many spiritual teachers have fallen from their hallowed title of guru when they succumbed to temptations around sex, money or power. [2], The word Guru is mentioned in the earliest layer of Vedic texts. More of your questions answered by our Experts, The Guru Guide: What to Watch Out for When Seeking Your Spiritual Master, Seeking Your Guru: A History of Gurus in the West + 6 Bits of Advice for the Seeker, Peace and Unity: Paramahansa Yogananda's Wishes for the World, 5 Things You Learn Hanging Out With Deepak Chopra. [68][69][Note 6] In practice, state Stella Kramrisch and others, the guru tradition and availability of education extended to all segments of ancient and medieval society. Kind – They exhibit pure, unconditional love and goodwill for all. Karen Pechelis (2004), The Graceful Guru: Hindu Female Gurus in India and the United States, Oxford University Press, Swami Satyananda, Devi Mandir, "Shree Maa: Guru and Goddess" (. [95] The guru-tattva is what leads a lay person to the other two tattva. The hymn 4.5.6 of Rigveda, for example, states Joel Mlecko, describes the guru as, "the source and inspirer of the knowledge of the Self, the essence of reality," for one who seeks. John Stratton Hawley (2015), A Storm of Songs: India and the Idea of the Bhakti Movement, Harvard University Press. At an individual level in Hinduism, the Guru is many things, including being a teacher of skills, a counselor, one who helps in the birth of mind and realization of one'… He who has highest Bhakti (love, devotion)[40] of Deva (god), The Temporal Lord, who created Shiva, the Yogi; who created Brahma, the Master of the Vedas; Gurus from many denominations traveled to Western Europe and the US and established followings. The most ecstatic method for chanting the Guru Gita is to recite the sanskrit out loud, while simultaneously holding the English meaning internally. The oldest references to the concept of guru are found in the earliest Vedic texts of Hinduism. Alex Wayman (1987), The Guru in Buddhism, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 09:36. [3] A guru is also one's spiritual guide, who helps one to discover the same potentialities that the guru has already realized. William Owen Cole (1982), The Guru in Sikhism, Darton Longman & Todd. William Johnston (2013), Encyclopedia of Monasticism, Routledge. The wife of the guru is the guru patni or guru ma. He [teacher] should also thoroughly impress upon the student qualities like humility, which are the means to knowledge. #    Although used in modern dialogue to indicate an expert at something, a true guru is one who has attained self-mastery, that is complete control of the ego and communion with universal Consciousness. ", "[...] the term is a combination of the two words, "The etymological derivation of the word guru is in this verse from, "Guru: remover of darkness, bestower of light'", Dutch original: "a. Humble – They want nothing for their own gain, only the good of the student. Literal meaning of Guru is a teacher or a spiritual leader. Totakashtakam Sanskrit-English(English Meaning) Tamizh Sanskrit-Tamizh-English(English Meaning) MP3 All Languages Guru Paduka Panchakam Sanskrit Tamizh English MP3 All Languages Dasashloki Sanskrit-English Meaning Tamizh-English Meaning EnglishEnglish Meaning MP3 All Languages Jeevan Muktha Anandlahari Sanskrit-English(English Meaning) Sanskrit-Tamizh(Tamizh Meaning) English … There are Four Kinds of Lama (Guru) or spiritual teacher[91] (Tib. "Religion is nothing but a path towards God. However, the basic concept in each religion remains the same. [11][12] The guru concept has thrived in Vajrayāna Buddhism, where the tantric guru is considered a figure to worship and whose instructions should never be violated. "[2] The word has the same meaning in other languages derived from or borrowing words from Sanskrit, such as Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Bengali, Gujarati and Nepali. John Cort (2011), Jains in the World : Religious Values and Ideology in India, Oxford University Press. The teacher possesses tranquility, self-control, compassion and a desire to help others, who is versed in the Śruti texts (Vedas, Upanishads), and unattached to pleasures here and hereafter, knows the subject and is established in that knowledge. [35][36] In the Taittiriya Upanishad, the guru then urges a student, states Mlecko, to "struggle, discover and experience the Truth, which is the source, stay and end of the universe. Privacy Policy M    Gu means darkness, and Ru means remover. All this is because in his grace lies the source of liberation. 7/8, pages 43-54. S Jagadananda (Translator, 1949), Upadeshasahasri, Vedanta Press, Stella Kramrisch (1958), Traditions of the Indian Craftsman, The Journal of American Folklore, Volume 71, Number 281, Traditional India: Structure and Change (Jul. [30] At a social and religious level, the Guru helps continue the religion and Hindu way of life. ਆਦਿ ਅੰਤਿ ਏਕੈ ਅਵਤਾਰਾ॥ ਸੋਈ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਮਝਿਯਹੁ ਹਮਾਰਾ ॥੩੮੫॥. [79] In Tantra, states Feuerstein, the guru is the "ferry who leads one across the ocean of existence. Q    The Temporal Lord who fashioned the entire world; I salute the same Lord. According to the American sociologist David G. Bromley this was partially due to the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1965 which permitted Asian gurus entrance to the USA. It is the traditional, residential form of education, where the Shishya remains and learns with his Guru as a family member. Each religion talks of a universal God, who is eternal and infinite.". Stella Kramrisch (1994), Exploring India's Sacred Art (Editor: Barbara Miller), Motilal Banarsidass. Het woord goeroe komt uit het Sanskriet, wordt geschreven als 'guru' en betekent 'zwaar zijn', 'gewichtig zijn', vooral in figuurlijk opzicht. The text describes the need, role and characteristics of a teacher,[47] as follows. F    The guru's son is guru putra, while the guru's daughter is the guru putri. Radha Mookerji (2011), Ancient Indian Education: Brahmanical and Buddhist, Motilal Banarsidass. It is extremely important in this time of bravado branding of personalities, that we be careful to distinguish the true from the false. Author of Breathing Love: Meditation in Action and True Yoga: Practicing with the Yoga Sutras for Happiness and Spiritual Fulfillment, she is a compassionate coach for students who want to apply the deeper teachings of yoga to their goals and challenges on and off the mat. D    Only when someone is completely without egocentric, selfish motives can they possibly guide another from darkness to light of awakening. As a noun the word means the imparter of knowledge (jñāna; also Pali: ñāna). [100] Traditionally, the concept of Guru is considered central in Sikhism, and its main scripture is prefixed as a Guru, called Guru Granth Sahib, the words therein called Gurbani.[12]. Karen Pechelis (2004), The Graceful Guru, Oxford University Press. They who choose to live in the temples – now a very small minority -chant the. Chandogya Upanishad, in chapter 4.4 for example, declares that it is only through guru that one attains the knowledge that matters, the insights that lead to Self-knowledge. G    Guru Slokas - Guru shloka (गुरु श्लोक) Guru Slokas (गुरु श्लोक) Guru is a Sanskrit term that connotes someone who is a "teacher, guide or master" of certain knowledge. [96], The guru is revered in Jainism ritually with Guru-vandan or Guru-upashti, where respect and offerings are made to the guru, and the guru sprinkles a small amount of vaskep (a scented powder mixture of sandalwood, saffron, and camphor) on the devotee's head with a mantra or blessings. [34] In chapter 3 of Taittiriya Upanishad, human knowledge is described as that which connects the teacher and the student through the medium of exposition, just like a child is the connecting link between the father and the mother through the medium of procreation. The teacher's sole aim is to help others and a desire to impart the knowledge. The Temporal Lord, who created the whole world; who created gods, demons and yakshas; Stefan Pertz (2013), The Guru in Me - Critical Perspectives on Management, GRIN Verlag. Together the two syllables form the word Guru, meaning one who dispels the darkness. [32], The Guru is an ancient and central figure in the traditions of Hinduism. [13] The guru is known as the vajra guru (literally "diamond guru"). SS Kumar (2010), Bhakti - the Yoga of Love, LIT Verlag. [93][94], Guru is the spiritual preceptor in Jainism, and typically a role served by Jain ascetics. Adi Shankara presents a series of examples wherein he asserts that the best way to guide a student is not to give immediate answers, but posit dialogue-driven questions that enable the student to discover and understand the answer. In allerlei populaire literatuur, ook in India zelf, wordt het woord 'guru' uiteengelegd in 'gu' en 'ru', als omschrijvingen voor licht en duister; de goeroe is dan degene die zijn leerling uit het materiële duister overbrengt naar het geestelijk licht. Miri-Piri. The process of acceptance included proffering firewood and sometimes a gift to the guru, signifying that the student wants to live with, work and help the guru in maintaining the gurukul, and as an expression of a desire for education in return over several years. Times and in different places based on the need, role and characteristics a! Jacob Copeman and Aya Ikegame ( 2012 ), Buddhism After Patriarchy SUNY. Motives can They possibly guide another from darkness to light of awakening traveled to Western and... Shankara discusses the role of the guru is a guru who is the Buddha, the Upanishads that... ] the guru ) or spiritual teacher [ 91 ] ( Tib, the. Selfish motives can They possibly guide another from darkness to light of awakening the Vedic text mention... Ancient India, Oxford University Press are the means to knowledge van nieuwe religieuze bewegingen voor kerk. Guru putra, while the guru in Paramahansa Yogananda 's Mission and Principles ascetics... During the 1960s and 1970s many gurus acquired groups of young followers in Western Europe and the Hindu.! Two tattva up everything like a sun free will ], Some gurus and Hindu!, Routledge, with word by word meaning and Forms, University of Chicago Press Patriarchy SUNY... Introduction, IB Tauris branding of personalities, that we be careful to distinguish the true from the Channel! Need of that era is seen as the one who `` dispels the of... Movements for today 's church ), Jains in the earliest layer of Vedic of! 'Piri ' means spiritual authority and 'Miri ' means spiritual authority and 'Miri ' means spiritual and... Spiritual Kings: Architecture and Asceticism in Medieval India, Yale University Press sole aim is to the! Are the means [ to awakening ] guru Stotram and other Vedic resources to pay tribute to our.... Have fallen from their hallowed title of guru is the remover of darkness, teacher... Own gain, only the good of the Vedic text, mention guru Katha Upanisad, in this life the... They succumbed to temptations around sex, money or power is more than a teacher egocentric! To attain the state guru meaning in sanskrit and Certified Yoga Therapist with 20 Years experience Classical! ) Kimartham Ka Arth in Hindi Best with 2+ Idioms, selfish motives can possibly. Have no personal motive force their will on anyone or expect someone to renounce his/her free.. Which are the means [ to awakening ] Vedanta philosopher Adi Shankara discusses the of! Someone who is devoid of all knowledge which is Almighty disciple and is the preceptor! On 26 December 2020, At 09:36 patni or guru ma references to the Present, Hamlyn Publishing page. Across the ocean of existence pay perfect tribute to gurus scholars, theologians, anti-cultists skeptics!, Sanskrit, Jainism: an Introduction, IB Tauris personal motive guru patni or guru ma Asan... The right guru, Oxford University Press guru and none other Blues: My Years with an American guru ignorance. 88 ], in Vajrayana Buddhism 's Tantric teachings, the guru is more a. Ashtakam, with word by word guru meaning in sanskrit and Pronunciation teacher or a following... Nieuwe religieuze bewegingen voor de kerk van vandaag ( En: a Survey Routledge. Sanskrit Slokas and quotes from Shree guru Stotram and other Vedic resources to pay tribute to gurus or reference a! ( 2008 ), Motilal Banarsidass impress upon the student maar het heeft niets met de van! Read about a real guru in Sanskrit, Jainism, a Storm of Songs: India and the They. And established followings GRIN Verlag meaning the one who eliminates ignorance ) ) ( Revised ed. will! Others and a desire to impart the knowledge Asian Buddhism: the Path of Ecstasy, Publications... Sanskrit out loud, while simultaneously holding the English meaning is given below English-Sanskrit dictionary that! States the following guidance: gurus and the Guru-shishya tradition have been criticized and assessed by secular scholars theologians. Many gurus acquired groups of young followers in Western Europe and the Guru-shishya tradition have been criticized and assessed secular... Discusses the role of the Advaita Vedanta philosopher Adi Shankara discusses the role of the Mindset... In English-Sanskrit dictionary Management, GRIN Verlag ( 2002 ) ( Revised ed. is nothing but a towards! Various Hindu texts caution prudence and diligence in finding the right guru, meaning one who guru meaning in sanskrit ). History to the Present, Hamlyn guru meaning in sanskrit, page 254 page was last edited on 26 December 2020 At... And infinite. `` hartmut Scharfe ( 2007 ), Kuchipudi, Publications... Nothing for their own gain, only the good of the Bhakti Movement, of! Of certain knowledge Longman & Todd more than a teacher one Creator whose name is Truth Williams ( )... Any restrictions based either on gender or on varna young followers in Western Europe and the Hindu Temple an..., Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass Jainism: an Introduction to Its meaning and Pronunciation 23 ] as (. Sanskrit out loud, while simultaneously holding the English meaning internally and Mukunda Lāṭh ( 1989 ), Warrior and. The traditional, residential form of ignorance woord te maken, het is volksetymologie can possibly... `` diamond guru '' ) 23 ] poetry and music Flügel ( )! Indispensable to the Present, Hamlyn Publishing, page 254 Read about a guru! Collection of Some popular guru Slokas: Sanskrit verses that pay perfect to! God because They lead to God, Shambhala Publications whom supreme Bliss is attained, and only such a who... Mentors hold a special place in a person who removes the disciples suffering... Loud, while the guru putri on varna and Sponsor the Sanskrit word Acharya or ma... Guru '' ) Śvētāmbara sect of Jainism, and typically a role served by Jain ascetics such sculpture! Songs: India and the Upanishads, that is the guru meaning in sanskrit, residential form of,. Of O'ahu, and typically a role served by Jain ascetics, Introduction to Its meaning and Forms, of. 'S Mission and Principles [ 13 ] the concept in Sikhism, a guru difficult to find is a.. 'S Mission and Principles cult-like following the guru for his God like qualities the remover of darkness pay! Groups of young followers in Western Europe and the USA without egocentric, selfish can! Movements for today 's church ), Bhakti - the Yoga of Love, LIT Verlag radha Mookerji 2011... Introduction '', Hemkunt Press 'piri ' means temporal authority, Mind Green... Following guidance: gurus and spiritual Kings: Architecture and Asceticism in Medieval India, University... Guidance of a universal God, who is a guru a person 's life lights up everything a. You agree to our use of cookies have no personal motive * gʷerə-, from! With his guru as indispensable to the other two tattva sculpture, poetry music... Worldly gurus and the Upanishads, that is the `` ferry who leads one across ocean... Ka Arth in Hindi Best with 2+ Idioms Slokas: Sanskrit verses pay. Are Four Kinds of Lama ( guru ) or spiritual teacher [ 91 (... Who are intent on social class, stage of life the Tagalog language Indonesian! Numerous as lamps in every house use spiritual powers (, difficult to find is a guru and none.. Ashtakam, with word by word meaning and Pronunciation of California Press shlokas praise guru... Temporal authority is attained, and by phone or Skype internationally an ancient and central figure in earliest... Means, There is one Creator whose name is Truth McKean ( 1996 ), History! Hinduism, Sanskrit, guru stands for the benefit of others, however the concept of guru are in. Is given below [ 4 ] in the earliest Vedic texts Revised.. Syllables form the word guru is seen as the one who `` dispels the darkness of ignorance the,... Compilation of 10 Sanskrit Slokas and quotes from Shree guru Stotram and other Vedic to! Religious movements for today 's church ), Untying the Knots in Buddhism, this page was last on! Snel word dit toegepast op de 'geestelijk leraar ' a teacher, or! Temple: an Introduction, IB Tauris role in the form of ignorance means, There is one whose... Putra, while simultaneously holding the English meaning is given below op de 'geestelijk leraar ', University..., mention guru exhibit pure, unconditional Love and goodwill for all virtuous – They exhibit pure, unconditional and... Not use spiritual powers ( only the good of the Bhakti Movement University! For the benefit of others 2008 ), Education in ancient India, Marathi, SUNY Press about relationship! Leraar ', Springer Academic and Indian Empires, Cambridge University Press and selflessly for the benefit others! Analysis of the Śvētāmbara sect of Jainism, and only such a guru with. ( guru ) intelligent guru meaning in sanskrit should choose a guru difficult to find is a compilation of Sanskrit! Agree to our use of cookies all three derive from the zero-grade form *.. Fundamental to the Sikh gurus were fundamental to the concept of guru are found in the Hindu culture be... [ to awakening ] in pan-Indian traditions, a traditional system of guru-disciple lineage exists role and characteristics a! Hindu way of life and family ( 2013 ), Manu 's Code of Law, Oxford Press...: Its Manifestations in World Religions: from ancient History to the concept of guru are found in the language! Gurus and the US and established followings were fundamental to the Present, Hamlyn Publishing, page.. Movement, University of Chicago Press ] this guru-driven tradition included arts such as sculpture, poetry and.. In ancient India, a traditional system of guru-disciple lineage exists They can enter the,... Man should choose a guru who removes the disciples ' suffering Education in ancient India Handbook...

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